If we have a dog at home, we may have thought about sterilization. This procedure can raise a series of doubts, for example, if after going through the operating room, our pet will behave like a unsterilized dog. If this is your case, this article interests you.
Spaying and neutering in dogs
Before talking about the consequences and the changes that our dogs experience after this type of interventions, it is essential to remember the differences between them. When an unsterilized dog undergoes either process, the end result is loss of fertility and prevention of unwanted offspring. However, surgical techniques are different.
Sterilization is the least invasive procedure for our friend, and his intervention is performed on the sexual organs. In this way, the animal will be sterile, but its behavior and mating instinct will not disappear.
On the other hand, castration is a more sophisticated technique, in which the gonads – ovaries or testicles – are entirely removed. This, apart from guaranteeing the sterility of the animal, decreases the production of sex hormones and, therefore, the possible derived behavior problems.
Is a sterilized dog calmer?
Many studies support sterilization and castration. Regardless of the benefits talked about, these types of interventions reduce the risk of suffering from related diseases: uterine cancer, prostate tumor, but some misconceptions or myths are surrounding these practices.
Sometimes, it is said that sterile animals have a more peaceful and calm character. This is not entirely true, and it is essential to emphasize that the type of behavior that can be modified is that related to sex hormones.
In this way, some aggressive behaviors or related to sexual activity will be less frequent: aggressiveness between males or psychological pregnancy in females, for example. The action that the dog has acquired with learning – or that which is determined by genetic factors – will not change.
It is also often said that an unsterilized dog will be ‘healthier’ in terms of weight. Hormonal changes indeed involve alterations in metabolism, and this can lead to a more voracious appetite.
But with a food indicated for them – you can consult your veterinarian in this regard – and daily exercise, a sterilized dog, does not have to gain excess weight.
What will an unsterilized dog look like?
After laying the foundations for the wrong advantages and methods of sterilization determined by mythology, we should know that except in rare cases, a castrated dog will behave like a castrated dog.
The only exception will be found in the behavior that is determined by sex hormones. Some examples of this behavior can be:
The territorial marking of males with urine, either at home or when they go out.
Aggression among males, due to the competition to mate.
The zeal, which can sometimes lead to the escape to follow the trail of a female.
As we have said, the character that the dog has forged – and that which is imposed on its genetic material – will not change much if we decide not to sterilize it.
Therefore, if you are thinking about moving forward with the procedure and still have doubts, the most responsible thing is that you gather as much information as possible and inform yourself of veterinary professionals. Your dog will remain the same great companion, whatever you do.